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抢庄牛牛 >> 紫外线吸收剂 >> 有机紫外线吸收剂研究进展

有机紫外线吸收剂研究进展

紫外线吸收剂抢庄牛牛是一类可防止太阳光或其他人造紫外光引起聚合物降解的物质。2-(2′-羟基)苯并三唑、2-羟基二苯酮、水杨酸酯等可用作紫外线吸收剂,本文综述了其合成和应用的情况,该类产品的改性使之性能更好,可用于一些工程塑料中。

SUIZHEZIWAIXIANFUSHELIANGDEZENGJIAHEDUANBOHUA,QIDUIRENLEIDESHENGCHANHESHENGHUOCHANSHENGZHONGDADEWEIHAIHEYINGXIANG。BAOHURENTIBIMIANGUOLIANGHEZIWAIXIANFUSHE,JIANSHAOGAOFENZICAILIAOGUANGLAOHUAXIANXIANGYIJINGCHENGWEIDANGJINXUDUOXINGYEKAIFAXINCHANPINDEMUBIAOZHIYI。

抢庄牛牛 GAOFENZICAILIAOZAISHENGCHANHEJIAGONGSHI,YIBANJUNXUTIANJIAZIWAIXIANWENDINGXISHOUJIHEQITATIANJIAJI。YOUQISHIQICHELINGJIAN、JIANZHUCAILIAODENGLINGYUDUINAIHOUXING、KANGYANGHUAXING、NAIREXINGDENGTICHULEKEKEDE YAOQIU。ZAIYIYAO、SHIPINBAOZHUANGDENGLINGYUZEYAOQIUWENDINGJIBUJINWUDU,ERQIEBUXIANGYAOWUHESHIPINZHONGQIANYI。CIWAI,SULIAODITAN、RENZAOCAOPING、HECHENGXIANWEIZHIPINDENGZAIJINGYULINHUOXIDISHIWENDINGJIYAOQIUBU BEICHOUCHU。ZAIZHE,DUISULIAOTIANJIAJIZAIJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGDUIHUANJINGDEYINGXIANGYEYITIDAOYISHIRICHENGSHANGLAI,WEICIGONGYEJIEJINNIANLAIZHENDUISHANGSHUWENTIJINXINGLEDALIANGDEYANJIU,YISHIYINGGONGYEDEFAZHAN。

随着高分子材料制品户外应用领域的扩大,稳定剂(尤其是光稳定剂)在整个聚合物助剂中的地位愈加突出。寻求高效、卫生、廉价和满足苛刻加工与应用条 件的稳定剂新品种、新结构始终是工业界所追求的目标。综观国内外开发和研究现状,作为光稳定剂的主要品种的紫外线吸收剂的开发和研究呈现出一些新的趋势和 特征。

1 ZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIDEZUOYONGJILI

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抢庄牛牛 ZAIZHEIGEGUOCHENGZHONG,FENZINEISUOXINGCHENGDEAOHEHUANSHIQIJUYOUZIWAIXIANGONGNENGDEGUANJIAN,DAKAICIHUANDENENGLIANGMINGANFANWEIZHENGHAOWEI290~400nmBOZHANGDEZIWAIXIANNENGLIANGFANWEI。

LINGWAI,ZUOWEIZIWAIXIANXISHOUJI,HAIBIXUNENGZAIZIWAIGUANGHUOKEJIANGUANGDEZUOYONGXIABUJINXINGGUANGHUAXUEFANYING;DUIHUAXUEYAOPINJISHUIWENDINGXINGHAO,DUIREDEWENDINGXINGHAO;HUIFAXINGXIAO;DUIGAOFENZICAILIAODEXIANGRONGXINGHAOJIBUBEIRONGJICUIQUDENG。MANZUSHANGSHUTIAOJIANDEHUAHEWUCAINENGZUOWEIZIWAIXIANXISHOUJISHIYONG。

ANHUAXUEJIEGOUHUAFEN,ZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIKEFENWEIBENBINGSANZUOLEI、ERBENJIATONGLEI、SANQINLEI、SHUIYANGSUANZHILEIJIQINGDAIBINGXISUANZHILEIDENG。

抢庄牛牛 2 GELEIZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIDEYANJIUDONGTAI

2·1 BENBINGSANZUOLEI

2·1·1 HECHENGJISHUYANJIU

抢庄牛牛 GAILEIHUAHEWUSHIZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIZHONGCHANLIANGZUIDA,PINZHONGZUIDUODEYILEICHANPIN,GUONEIWAIDEYANJIUYEHENHUOYUE。

苯并三唑类紫外线吸收剂的合成一般是使芳香胺重氮化生成重氮盐,重氮盐与酚类化合物进行偶合反应生成中间体偶氮颜料,再经还原闭环而成:
 

SUIZHETU1ZHONGR、R1、R2DEBIANHUA,KEYANSHENGCHUYIXILIECHANPIN,CHANGYONGDEYOUUV-326,UV-327,UV-328,

UV-329DENG。

抢庄牛牛 ZHONGJIANTIOUDANYANLIAODEHECHENGJISHUJIBENCHENGSHU,KEYIGAOSHOULVDIZHIZAOMUDEWU。ERHAIYUANJISHUYIZHISHIGONGYEJIEYANJIUDEREDIAN,20SHIJI70NIANDAICHUXIANLEERBUHAIYUANFA,JIXIANYONGYIZHONGHAIYUANJIJIANGYANLIAOHAIYUANWEILINGYIZHONGJIANTI(NYANGHUAWU),ZAIYONGLINGYIZHONGHAIYUANJIHAIYUANWEIZUIZHONGCHANPIN。

WOGUOZAOZAI20SHIJI60NIANDAIJIKAISHIYANZHIGAILEICHANPIN,TIANJINHECHENGCAILIAOYANJIUSUOSHIJIAOZAO(1964NIAN)CONGSHIGAILINGYUYANJIUDEDANWEIZHIYI。1968NIANGENJUGAISUODEYANJIUCHENGGUO, GUOJIACENGTOUJUZIZAITIANJINLISHENGHUAGONGCHANGSHIUV-327TOURUSHENGCHAN,ZHEISHIWOGUODIYIGESHENGCHANCILEICHANPINDEGONGCHANG,SUIZHEJINGJIDEFAZHAN,MUQIANGUONEIYIYOUGAILEICHANGJIAYUE10JIA,NIANCHANLIANGYUE 2000t。TIANJINHECHENGCAILIAOYANJIUSUODUIGAILINGYUJINXINGLEJIAOSHENRUDEYANJIU,XIANHOUSHIYANGUOBAOXIANFENFA、SHUIHEJINGFA、SHUIHEJING-BAOXIANFENFA、SHUIHEJING-XINFENFA、LIUHUANA-XINFENFADENG。

TIANJINHECHENGCAILIAOYANJIUSUO1982NIANJIJINXINGLIUHUANA-XINFENFADEYANJIU,JIEJUELEGAIJISHUZHONGDEYIXIEGUANJIANWENTI,CHENGGONGDIYONGYUUV-327,UV-326DENGCHANPINDEHE CHENG,1987NIANYULANHUAGONGSIYOUJICHANGHEZUOJINXINGLEZHONGSHI,1989NIANTONGGUOLESHIHUAZONGGONGSIDEBUJIJISHUJIANDING,WEIGAILEICHANPINDEGONGYEHUADAXIALEJICHU。1998NIANGENJUSHICHANGXUQIU,JIN XINGLEGONGYEHUASHIYAN,BINGTOURUSHENGCHAN。

抢庄牛牛 GAIFADETEDIANSHI:YONGLIUHUANAJIANGZHONGJIANTIYANLIAOHAIYUANWEILINGYIZHONGJIANTINYANGHUAWUSHI,SHOULVJIEJINLILUNZHI,ZUIHOUYONGXINFENHAIYUANWEICHANPINSHI,BUXUTICHUNJIKEZHIDEZHILIANGJIAOGAODECHANPIN,GAIFAXINFENYONGLIANGJIESHENGYIBAN,XINGJIABIZHANYOUYOUSHI,JUYOUJIAOQIANGDESHICHANGJINGZHENGLI,GAICHANPINDALIANGCHUKOU。

GUONEIGAILINGYUDEYANJIUYEJIAOHUOYUE,HUADONGLIGONGDAXUE[5]YONGJIANBENERFENDAITICHUANTONGDEWANJIFENHECHENGYILEI(Ⅱ)XINGBENBINGSANZUOLEIGUANGWENDINGJI,JUCHENGQIMOERXIAOGUANGXISHUSHICHUANTONGBENBINGSANZUODE1·5BEIYISHANG,GAIXIAOHAIYILIUHUAWUWEIHAIYUANJIHECHENGLEUV-329、UV-234、UV-326、UV-P。

抢庄牛牛 HANGUODEMyongJiDAXUEJINNIANLAIKAIZHANLEGUANYUBENBINGSANZUOXINHAIYUANFADEYANJIU,TICHUYIYICHUNWEIRONGJI,ZAIJIANXINGTIAOJIANXIAYIJIAOMUWEIHAIYUANJIHECHENGBENBINGSANZUO[6];YISmI2WEIHAIYUANJIDEHAIYUANFA;HAITICHUYIGUANGHUAXUEFANGFA(photosimulated)HAIYUANZHIBEIBENBINGSANZUOLEIGUANGWENDINGJIDELVSEHAIYUANFA。

BEIJINGFANGHUAZHIHUIGONGCHENGXUEYUANHUAGONGYANJIUSUO[9]JINXINGLEYIPd/CWEICUIHUAJIDEJIAQINGHAIYUANSHIYAN,ZHIDEDEUV326,mp:138~141℃,ZONGSHOULV70%。 2004NIANTONGJIDAXUE[10]JINXINGLEUV-327ZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIHECHENGDEYANJIU,ZAICHUN-SHUIJIEZHIZHONGHECHENGZHONGJIANTIYANLIAO,CAIYONGXINFENYIBUFAJIANGYANLIAOHAIYUANWEICHANPIN,CUPINHAIYUANSHOULVWEI 86%,YONGCUSUANYIZHIZHONGJIEJINGZHIDEJINGPIN。

SUIZHEDUIHUANJINGBAOHUYAOQIUDERIQUYANGE,JINXIENIANQINGJIEYOUHAOXINGDEHAIYUANFANGFASHOUDAOZHONGSHI。SHUIHEJINGHAIYUANFAKEYISHIZUOJIAQINGHAIYUANFADEBIANTI,SHANGHAISHIJIYANJIUSUO]YIGAIFAHECHENGLEUV- 326,GAIFASHIYONGFANGBIAN,DANYOUYUSHUIHEJINGJIAGEANGGUI,NANYIGONGYEHUA。CUIHUAJIAQINGHAIYUANFASHIGAILINGYUDEYIGEYANJIUREDIAN,GAIFAHAIYUANFANYINGDEFUCHANWUSHISHUI,SHIYIZHONGLIXIANGDELVSEHAIYUANFA, KENENGSHIJIANGLAIGONGYEHUADEFANGFA。GAIFAZAOZAI20DUONIANQIANJIUYOUBAODAO,DANJINZHANBUDA,WULUNSHICHANPINZHILIANGHAISHISHOULVJUNBULIXIANG,JINXIENIANJISHUSHANGYOUSUOTUPO。RIBENZHUANLIBAODAO,SHIYONG RaneyNIEWEICUIHUAJI,YIJIACHUNWEIRONGJI,ZAIQINGYANGHUANACUNZAIXIAJIAQINGHAIYUANKEDE93·5%SHOULVDEUV-P,CibaspecGONGSIYIPd/CWEICUIHUAJI,YONGSHUIHEJING-QINGQI ERBUHAIYUANFAZHIDESHOULVWEI92%DEUV-328,CHANPINDETOUGUANGLVWEI97%(ZHONGYAODEZHILIANGZHIBIAO),QICHANPINZHILIANGHESHOULVWEIQIJINWEIZHIWENXIANBAODAODEZUIGAOZHI,ZHEIBIAOZHIZHEJIAQINGHAIYUANJI SHUDADAOYIGEXINSHUIPING,KEWANGSHIXIANGONGYEHUA。

2·1·2 PINZHONGGAIXINGYANJIU

WEILESHIYONGFUZA、KEKEDEJUHEWUCAILIAOJIAGONGJISHIYONGTIAOJIAN,JIANGCHUANTONGDEBENBINGSANZUOLEIGUANGWENDINGJIJINXINGGAIXINGSHIGAILINGYUDEFAZHANQUSHI,GAILEISULIAOTIANJIAJIXIANGZHEGAOFENZILIANGHUA、DUOGONGNENGHUA、FANYINGXINGHUADENGFANGMIANFAZHAN。JINNIANLAIZHEIFANGMIANYIYOULEZHANGZUDEJINZHAN,YIYOUYANJIUJIEDUANJINRUYINGYONGJIEDUAN,YOUDEPINZHONGYIGONGYEHUA,CHENGGONGDIYINGYONGYUSULIAOGONGYE。

抢庄牛牛 2·1·2·1 GAOFENZIZHILIANGHUA

SULIAOJIAGONGYIBANZAIJIAOGAOWENDU(200~300℃)XIAJINXING,ZHEISHISULIAOTIANJIAJIHUIBUTONGCHENGDUDIHUIFA,YIFANGMIANWURANHUANJING,YINGXIANGCAOZUOGONGRENDEJIANKANG,LINGYIFANGMIANHAITIGAOLECHENGBEN。ZENGJIASULIAOZHUJIDEFENZIZHILIANGSHIJIEJUEGAIWENTIDEZHONGYAOTUJING,ZHEIYESHIZHUJIGONGYEYIZHIYANJIUDEKETI。

日本专利报道使用2分子的329(图1中R=R1=H,R2=特辛基)与1分子的甲醛缩合制成牌号为UV-360的高分子化合物,其结构如下:
 

GAICHANPINHUIFAXINGHENDI,YUXUDUOJUHEWUXIANGRONGXINGLIANGHAO,TEBIESHIYONGYUJUTANSUANZHIGAOWENXIAJIAGONGDEYAOQIU,HAIKEYONGYUJUJIAQUAN、JUXIANAN、JUBENYIXIDENGJUHEWU。

抢庄牛牛 SHIBENBINGSANZUOLEIZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIUV-P(R=R1=QING,R2=JIAJI)JINXINGLVJIAJIHUAFANYING,ZAIQIFENZIZHONGYINRULVJIAJI,SHIQIZAIYUSANJUQINGSUANJINXINGSUOHEFANYING,TUOCHULVHUAQING,SHISANFENZIUV-PYUYIGESANJUQINGSUANFENZIXIANGJIEHESHENGCHENGXIALIEJIEGOUDEYIGEGAOFENZIZHILIANGDEHUAHEWU:

LINGWAI,ZAIBENBINGSANZUOFENZIZHONGYINRUBINGXISUANJIAZHIJI,ZAISHIQIYUJUYIERCHUNJINXINGZHIJIAOHUANFANYINGSHENGCHENGGAOFENZIZHILIANGDEFANYINGXINGWENDINGJI,CibaGONGSIYONGGAIFAZHICHENGPAIHAOWEIUV-213DECHANPIN,GAICHANPINWEIHUANGSENIANCHOUYETI,SHIYONGYUBENYIXILEIJUHEWU、DANXINGTI、JULVYIXI、JUJIAJIBINGXISUANJIAZHIDENGJUHEWU。

2·1·2·2 DUOGONGNENGHUA

抢庄牛牛 SULIAOTIANJIAJIZHONGYOUGUANGWENDINGJI、KANGYANGJIDENG,SHIYONGSHIXUYAOFENBIETIANJIA,BUDANCAOZUOBUBIAN,HAIZENGJIACHENGBEN。SHIYIGEWENDINGJIFENZIZHONGTONGSHIJUYOUBUTONGGONGNENGDEJITUAN,QIDAODUOZHONGWENDINGZUO YONG,YIZHISHIGONGYEJIEDEZHUIQIU。RIBENCHENGBEIHUAXUEGONGSIJIANGJIAQUANYUBENBINGSANZUOZIWAIXIANXISHOUJI(UV-329)HE2-TEXINJI-4-JIAJIBENFENKANGYANGJIZAIJIANXINGCUIHUAJICUNZAIXIAFANYING,SHENGCHENG YIZHONGJUYOUGUANGWENDINGHEKANGYANGHUAZUOYONGDEPAIHAOWEIJAST-500DEDUOGONGNENGTIANJIAJI,ZHEISHIGAILINGYUYIGECHENGGONGDEDIANFAN。QIJIEGOURUXIA:

抢庄牛牛 JAST-500DEFENZINEIHANYOUGUANGWENDINGHEKANGYANGHUAZUOYONGDEJITUAN,BICHUANTONGDEZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIUV-326JUYOUGENGGAODENAIREXING,ZAI250℃BAOCHI40minDETIAOJIAN XIA,UV-326DERESHIZHONGYUE90%,ERJAST-500JINWEI6%,TAZAIJIABEN、JIAYITONG、BENYIXI、CUSUANDINGZHIDENGRONGJIZHONGJUYOUJIAODADERONGJIEDU,YUXUDUOJICHUJUHEWUDEXIANGRONG XINGLIANGHAO。ZAIKANGYANGHUAXINGSHIYANZHONG,JAST-500XIANSHICHUJIHUYUTONGCHANGSHIYONGDEIrganox1010XIANGTONGDEKANGYANGHUAXIAOGUO,ERUV-326ZEYINWEIMEIYOUKANGYANGHUAJITUAN,BUJU YOUKANGYANGHUAXING。

2·1·2·3 FANYINGXINGHUA

JIANGFANYINGXINGJITUANYINRUGUANGWENDINGJIFENZIZHONG,SHIQIZAIJIAGONGSHIYUJICHUJUHEWUJIANHE,CONGERYONGJIUCUNZAIYUGAOFENZICAILIAOZHONG,ZHEISHIGONGYEJIEDUONIANNULIDEMUBIAO,JINGGUO20DUONIANDEYANJIU,GAILINGYUYOULEHENDADEJINZHAN,CHUXIANLESHANGPINHUADEPINZHONG。

抢庄牛牛 ZAOZAI20SHIJI70NIANDAI,MEIGUODENIUYUEGONGYEYANJIUSUO(Polytech.Inst.New.York)YIVoglotto[13]WEISHOUDEYANJIUZUJIUKAISHILEGAI LINGYUDEGONGZUO,WOGUODEFUDANDAXUE、ZHONGKEYUANHEBEIJINGGUANGHUAXUEYANJIUSUOJUNCENGCANYUCIXIANGGONGZUO。JINLAIMEIGUODERohmandHassGONGSIDEJohnCranfordZHUWENDUICIJINXING LEZONGSHU。

HECHENGGAILEIZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIDEFANGFASHILIYONGFENZINEIYIYOUBUBAOHEJIANDEHUAHE[14],LIRUBINGXIXIANLVHUOQIYANSHENGWU,SHIZHIYUBENBINGSANZUOFENZIFANYINGKEYIXIANGBENBINGSANZUOFENZINEIYINJINJUYOUHUOXINGDEBINGXIXIANJITUAN,ANZHAOGAIHECHENGLUXIANNoranmeoGONGSIHECHENGLEPAIHAOWEINorble7966[15]DEFANYINGXINGGUANGWENDINGJI。

RIBENDAZHONGHUAXUEGONGSI1988NIANZHENDUIGAILEICHANPINYIXIANGWOGUOSHENQINGZHUANLI,WOGUODEXIBEIGONGYEDAXUEDECHENLIXIN

DENG[16]YONGLINXIAOJIBENHEJIANBENERFENHECHENGLEBENBINGSANZUO,ZAISHIQIYUBINGXIXIANLVFANYINGSHENGCHENGHANYOUBINGXIXIANJIDEBENBINGSANZUO(BDHA)。

SHANGSHUFANYINGXINGBENBINGSANZUOLEIGUANGWENDINGJIKEYIYUBENYIXI、BINGXISUAN、BINGXIXIANAN、BINGXIJING、CUSUANYIXI、LVYIXI、XITINGLEIKEJUHEDEDANTIGONGJUSHENGCHENGHANYOUGUANGWENDINGZUOYONGDEGAOJUWU。

2·2 ERBENJIATONGLEI

该类紫外线吸收剂产量和品种仅次于苯并三唑。其合成路线基本上为两步反应,即2,4-二羟基二苯酮(UV-0,UV-214)的合成和烷氧基二苯酮的合成:
 

2.2.1 HECHENGJISHUYANJIU

FANYINGSHIZHONGDERXDAIBIAOLUDAIWAN,XWEILVHUOXIU。ERBENTONGLEIZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIZHONGZUIYOUDAIBIAOXINGDESHITONGSHIZHONGDERWEIZHENGXINJIDECHANPIN,HUAXUEMINGCHENGWEI2-QIANGJI-4-ZHENGXINYANGJIERBENJIATONG,SHANGPINMINGCHENGWEIUV-531。

GAICHANPINDEHECHENGGONGYIKEFENWEIERBUFAHEYIBUFA。SUOWEIERBUFASHIZHIXIANHECHENGCHU2,4-ERQIANGJIERBENTONG,ZAI

抢庄牛牛 SHITAYULUDAIWANJINXINGMIHUAFANYING。

2.2.1.1 ERBUFAHECHENGERBENJIATONGLEIZIWAIXIANXISHOUJI

(1)2,4-ERQIANGJIERBENTONGDEHECHENG

GAICHANPINDESHANGPINMINGCHENGWEIUV-214,TABENSHENJIUSHIYIZHONGZIWAIXIANXISHOUJI,SHIYONGYUJULVYIXI、JUBENYIXI、HUANYANGSHUZHI、TULIAODENG。TAKEYIZUOWEIHECHENGUV-531、UV-B、UV-9、UV-1200DENGZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIDEYUANLIAO。

YOUYUUV-214JUYOUTESHUDEYONGTU,DUIQIYANJIUYIZHIHENHUOYUE。

HUBEISHIFANXUEYUAN[17]SHIJIANBENERFENYUSANLVJIABENANMOERBIWEI1.0∶1.2DEPEIBI,ZAICUIHUAJICUNZAIXIA,YURONGJIZHONGJINXINGFANYING,FANYINGWENDU48~52℃,FANYINGSHIJIAN3h,CUPINSHOULV95%,JIABENZHONGJIEJINGHOUZHIDEJINGPIN。

SHANDONGLIGONGDAXUE[18]ZAISHUI、JIACHUN(TIJIBIWEI7∶3)DEHUNHERONGJIZHONG,YICAOSUANHELINSUANDEHUNHESUANZUOCUIHUAJISHIJIANBENERFENHESANLVJIAJIBENZAI40~45℃XIAFANYING4h,ZHIDESHOULVWEI94%~98%(YIJIANBENERFENJI)DEMUDEWU。

抢庄牛牛 LIAONINGHUAGONGDAXUE[19~21]YISHUIZUOWEIFANYINGJIEZHI,ZAIXIANGZHUANYIJI(RUSHILIUWANJISANJIAJIXIUHUAAN)ZUOYONGXIASHIJIANBENERFENHESANLVJIABEN(MOERBIWEI1∶1)FANYINGLAIHECHENG UV-214。GAIXIANGZHUANYIJIKEYIJIANGSHUIXIANGZHONGDESANLVJIABENZHUANYIDAOYOUJIXIANG,ZENGJIALEQIYUJIANBENERFENDEJIECHUJILV,BIMIANLEFUCHANPINYANGZAENKUNDESHENGCHENG,YINCI,GAIFAZHIDECHANPINDEFENLICHAN LVKEDA95.7%,CHUNDUDADAO99.4%,CHANPINDEWAIGUANWEIDANHUANGSE,WUXUJINGZHIJIKEYONGYUHECHENGQITACHANPIN。

CHUANTONGDEFANGFAFANYINGWENDUSHI120~140℃,ERGAIFAZAI50~60℃XIAJIKEFANYING,YINCI,JIESHENGLENENGYUANJIANGDILESHENGCHANCHENGBEN。LINGWAI,GAIFASHIZAICHANGWEN、CHANGYAXIAFANYING,XIANGZHUAN YIJIMEIYOUFUSHICONGERDUISHEBEIYAOQIUJIAODI,JIESHENGTOUZI;GAIFACAOZUOGONGYIJIANDAN,FANYINGWANCHENGHOUJINJINTONGGUOCHENJIANGHUOGUOLVJIUNENGWANCHENGXIANGZHUANYIJIYUCHANPINDEFENLI,CAOZUOFANGBIAN,YEJIANSHAOLEFENLIFEI YONG,YOULIYUJIANGDICHENGBEN;GAIFACAIYONGDEXIANGZHUANYIJIWUDU、WUWEI、WUCIJI、WUFUSHI,BUJINKEYIZAISHENGCHANZHONGBAOCHIYIGELIANGHAODECAOZUOHUANJING,YOUXIAOJIANSHAODUICAOZUORENYUANDEWEIHAI,TONGSHIJIANSHAOLEYOU HAIFEIWUDEPAIFANGLIANG,ZAIHUANBAOFANGMIANJUYOUHENDAYOUSHI,YINCI,GAIFAJUYOUGUANGKUODEYINGYONGQIANJING。

(2)2-QIANGJI-4-ZHENGXINYANGJIERBENJIATONG(UV-531)DEHECHENG

HUBEISHENGHUAXUEGONGYEYANJIUSHEJIYUAN[22]YIHUANJITONGWEIRONGJI,ZAITANSUANJIACUNZAIXIA,SHI2,4-ERQIANGJIERBENJIATONGYUZHENGXIUXINWANZAI155℃HUILIUFANYING6h,ZHIDESHOULVWEI92%DEUV-531,RONGDIAN46~47℃。

SHANDONGLIGONGDAXUEYONGJIAGEJIAODIDELVHUASIJIAJIANZUOWEIXIANGZHUANYICUIHUAJI,ZAITANSUANJIADEJIANXINGSHUIRONGYEZHONGFANYING,FANYINGSHIFENPITOURU2,4-ERQIANGJIERBENTONG,KONGZHIZHENGLIU,CAIYONGJIANJIANGZHENG LIUDEFANGSHIFENLIFANYINGHUNHEWU,BICHUANTONGDECHOUTI,CHENDIANFANGFAFANGBIAN,KUAIJIE。YI2,4-ERQIANGJIERBENTONGJI,UV-531DESHOULVWEI92%~95%,FANGDASHIYANZHONGXIANLEXIAOSHIDEJIE GUO。

LIAONINGSHIYOUHUAGONGDAXUEHECHENGUV-531DEGONGYIWEI:ZAIQINGYANGHUAJIADEZUOYONGXIA,JIARUSHAOLIANGDELVHUAERJIAJISHUANGSHILIUWANJIAN,2,4-ERQIANGJIERBENJIATONGYU1-XIUDAIZHENGXINWANJINXING FANYING。KAOCHALEBUTONGXIANGZHUANYIJIYONGLIANG,BUTONGSHUILIANGHEBUTONGFANYINGSHIJIANDUIMUDEWUSHOULVDEYINGXIANG,TICHUHESHIDEFANYINGTIAOJIANWEI:UV-214/1-XIUDAIZHENGXINWAN/LVHUAERJIAJISHUANGSHILIUWANJI AN/SHUIDEWULIAOPEIBIWEI0.06/0.07/0.06/0.002/0.25(MOERBI),FANYINGSHIJIAN6h,UV-531DESHOULVWEI93.2%,JIEGUOBIAOMING,LVHUAERJIA JISHUANGSHILIUWANJIANSHIBIJIAOLIXIANGDEXIANGZHUANYIJI。

ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,ZAIDANGJINHUANJINGBAOHURIQUYANGEDEQINGKUANGXIA,CAIYONGYOUJIRONGJIDELUXIANSHIMEIYOUQIANTUDE,YISHUIZUOWEIFANYINGJIEZHIDELUXIANZHIDESHENRUYANJIU,CHUKAOCHASHOULVWAI,HAIYINGKAOCHACHANPINZHILIANG,LINGWAI,HAIYINGYANJIUGONGYEHUASHIGONGCHENGSHANGDEYIXIEWENTI,CAINENGSHIKEYANCHENGGUOZHUANHUAWEISHENGCHANLI。

抢庄牛牛 2.1.1.2 YIBUFAHECHENGERBENJIATONGLEICHANPIN

(1)UV-531DEHECHENG

抢庄牛牛 GAIFADETEDIANSHIZAIYIGEFANYINGQIZHONGJINXINGERBUHUAXUEFANYING,FANYINGSUOSHENGCHENGDEUV-214BINGBUFENLICHULAI,ZHIJIEJINXINGDIERBUMIHUAFANYINGZHIQUMUDEWUUV-531。GAIFADEYOUDIANZAIYUKEJIESHENGSHEBEITOUZI,JIANHUACAOZUOGONGYI,YOULIYUJIANGDICHENGBEN,DUIGAIFADEYANJIUSHIYOUYIYIDE。

抢庄牛牛 ZHEJIANGHUAYINSULIAOGONGSI[23]DUIGAIFAJINXINGLEYANJIU,FANYINGZHONGBUSHIYONGXIUDAIZHENGXINWAN,ERSHIYONGZHENGXINCHUN,ZAILVHUAXINDEZUOYONGXIASHIZHENGXINCHUNZHUANBIANWEILVDAIZHENGXINWANCANJIAMIHUAFANYING。QICAO ZUOGONGYIWEI:ZAIFANYINGQIZHONGJIARUJIANBENERFEN、XINCHUN、ZHENGLIUSHUIHELVHUAXIN,KAIDONGJIAOBANSHIJIANBENERFENRONGJIE,YONGLENGDONGYANSHUIJIANGTIXILENGDAO3~5℃,DIJIASANLVJIAJIBEN,DIWANHOUZAI3hNEISHENGWEN DAO60℃,JIANGFANYINGWENDUSHENGDAO120℃,HUILIU2.5h,RANHOUKAIDONGSHUIBENG,DIAOJIEZHENKONGDUDAO0.092MPa,YONGSHUIXISHOUDUOYUDELVHUAQING,ZAIJIANGTIXILENGQUEDAO70℃BAFANYINGCHANWU YIRUFENYELOUDOUZHONG,SHUIXI2CI,JIANGFANYINGWUZHONGXINFANHUIFANYINGQIZHONG,JIARUIKHEPA(ZIZHI),ZAI110℃,0.092MPaDETIAOJIANXIA,FANYING4h。JIANGTIXIWENDULENGDAO 70℃,YONG70℃DESHUIXI2CI,ZAIZHENKONGDU0.1MPaXIATUOCHUDUOYUDEZHENGXINCHUN,DECUCHANPIN,YONGGONGYEYIJIYICHUN(YONGLIANGWEICHANPINLIANGDE1/3)XIDI3CI,FENQUYICHUN,JIANGJIEJINGGAN ZAO,JIDECHENGPIN。SHOULV60%,CHANPINCHUNDU99%YISHANG。

 ZHENJIANGHUAGONGSHEJIYUANJINXINGDEYIBUFAHECHENGUV-531DEGONGYIWEI:JIANGJIANBENERFENRONGJIEZAIZHENGXINCHUNZHONG,JINGCHONGFENJIAOBANSHENGDAOYIDINGWENDUSHI,KAISHIDIJIASANLVJIAJIBEN,ZAICUIHUAJIADE ZUOYONGXIASHIZHENGXINCHUNSHENGCHENGLVDAIZHENGXINWAN,TONGSHIZAIYOUSHUIDEQINGKUANGXIASHENGCHENGUV-214。ZAICUIHUAJIBCUNZAIXIAZAIYULVDAIZHENGXINWANFANYINGSHENGCHENGUV-531,GAIYUANHECHENGDECHANPINZHILIANGJIAOGAO,XIAN WEIJIDECHANPINTOUGUANGLVWEI90%(450μm)HE95%(550μm),SHUOMINGYIDADAOHENGAODESHUIPING,GAIFAJUYOUJIAOGAODESHIYONGJIAZHI。

(2)UV-BDEHECHENG

抢庄牛牛 ZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIUV-BDEHUAXUEMINGCHENGWEI2-QIANGJI-4-BIANYANGJIERBENJIATONG,SHIYOU2,4-ERQIANGJIERBENJIATONG(UV-214)YULVDAIBIANFANYINGERCHENG:

JIANGSUJINYIJITUANGONGSIYIHUANJITONGWEIRONGJIHECHENGLEUV-B,QIGONGYIWEI:JIANGUV-2145、LVDAIBIAN、TANSUAN NA、HUANJITONGTOURUFANYINGQIZHONG,REDAO150℃,HUILIUFENSHUI,FANYING3~5h,RANHOULENGQUEJIANGWEN,GUOLVCHUQUWUJIYAN,LVYEFUYAZHENGLIUHUANJITONG,SUODECUPINZAIRONGJIZHONGYONGHUOXINGTANTUOSE,GUO LV,LVYECHANGYAXIAJIEJING、FENLI、GANZAOJIDEUV-BCHANPIN。GAICHANPINZAISHANGHAIJIANZHUSULIAOCHANG、SHANGHAIJIANZHUKEXUEYANJIUSUO、CHANGZHOU253CHANGZAIBOMOHEBOLIGANGZHONGJINXINGDAQILAOHUASHIYAN,JIEGUOBIAO MING,GAICHANPINDEXINGNENGYUUV-531XIANGDANG。

2·2·2 CHANPINGAIXINGYANJIU

2·2·2·1 GAOFENZIZHILIANGHUA

抢庄牛牛 RIBENADIKA-AJIASIGONGSIKAIFALEYIZHONGERJUTIXINGERBENJIATONG,PAIHAOWEIMarkLA-51,QIJIEGOURUXIA:

GAIPINZHONGDEHUIFAXINGDI,YUSHUZHIDEXIANGRONGXINGHAO,SHIYONGYUJIAGONGWENDUGAODESHUZHI,RUJUBENYIXI、JUTANSUANZHI、ABSSHUZHIHEJUZHIDENG,KEFUYUZHIPINLIANGHAODENAIHOUXING。

2·2·2·2 FANYINGXINGHUA

抢庄牛牛 MEIGUONat.StarcbwcGONGSIKAIFADEPAIHAOWEIPermasorbMADEFANYINGXINGERBENJIATONGZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIJIEGOURUXIA:

抢庄牛牛 GAICHANPINSHIYOUUV-214HEJIAJIBINGXISUANSUOSHUIGANYOUZHIZAIQINGYANGHUANA(HUOXIAOSUANAN)CUNZAIXIAFANYINGERDE。GAICHANPIN SHIDANHUANGSENIANCHOUYETI,BENPINWEIFANYINGXINGZIWAIXIANXISHOUJI,NENGGOUQIANGLIEXISHOUBOZHANGWEI280~350nmZIWAIGUANGXIAN,YINQIHANYOUHUOXINGSHUANGJIAN,GUKEYUJUHEWUDEDANTIGONGJU,LIRUYUYIXI、 BINGXI、BENYIXI、PIANLVYIXI、CUSUANYIXIDENGDANTIGONGJU,YEKEYUJUHEWUFASHENGJIEZHIGONGJU。YOUYINQIHANYOUQIANGJI,GUKEZAIJUZHISHUZHI、CHUNSUANSHUZHIJIJUANZHIDENGSUOJUSHUZHIDEZHIZAOGUOCHENGZHONGYIHUA XUEJIANJIEHEDAOJUHEWUSHANG。BENPINYUJUHEWUJIANHEDEJIEGUO,SHIJUHEWUJUYOUNEIZAIDE“YONGJIUXING”DEZIWAIXIANXISHOUJITUAN,JIXIANSHIYOULIANGDEGUANGWENDINGXIAOGUO,YOUBUQIANYI,NAICHOUCHU。BENPINYEKEYIZAI SHUZHIDEJIAGONGGUOCHENGZHONGJIARU,YIBANYONGLIANGWEI0·1%~0·5%。

DALIANLIGONGDAXUE[26]WEIKEFUXIANYOUZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIBURONGYUSHUIDEQUEDIAN,HECHENGLE2-QIANG-4-BINGXISUANZHIJIERBENJIATONGBINGSHIZHIYUBINGXISUANZHILEIGONGJUZHICHENGYIZHONGHANYOUZIWAIXIANXISHOUGONGNENGXINGJITUANDERUJIAOLI,CIJIAOLIDEXISHOUDUDAYUTONGDENGNONGDUXIADEGONGNENGXINGDANTIJI2,4-ERQIANGJIERBENJIATONG。

抢庄牛牛 2·3 SHUIYANGSUANZHILEI

抢庄牛牛 GAILEIHUAHEWUBENSHENBUXISHOUZIWAIXIAN,DANTAZAIGUANGDEZHANGQIZUOYONGXIA,FASHENGphoto-FriesZHONGPAISHENGCHENGYOUQIANGLIEXISHOUZUOYONGDE2-QIANGJIERBENTONG,YINERGAILEIHUAHEWUKEZUOWEIZIWAIXIANXISHOUJISHIYONG,GAIZHONGPAIFANYINGKEYONGXIASHIBIAOSHI:

抢庄牛牛 GAILEIZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIPINZHONGJIAOSHAO,20SHIJI70NIANDAITIANJINHECHENGCAILIAOGONGYEYANJIUSUOYANZHIGUOZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIBAD,GAICHANPINSHISHUIYANGSUANXIANQINGHUAHOUYUSHUANGFENAFANYINGERCHENG,1987NIANJIANGGAICHANPINYIJIAOTIANJINYOUJIHUAGONGYICHANGSHENGCHANZHIJIN。

抢庄牛牛 2·4 QINGJIBINGXISUANZHILEI

GAILEIGUANGWENDINGJIDEDIANXINGCHANPINSHIBASFGONGSIDEUvinnlN-35,QIJIEGOURUXIA:

抢庄牛牛 GAICHANPINZHUYAOYONGYUQICHEXIULIYONGTULIAOHEGAOCENGJIANZHUYONGTULIAO。WEISHIYINGGONGYEDEXUYAO,YIBAODAOXIALIEJIEGOUDEGAOFENZIZHILIANGDECHANPIN:

2·5 SANQINLEI

抢庄牛牛 SANQINLEIYANSHENGWUZAIGONGYEJIYIYAOZHONGYOUXUDUOZHONGYAODEYONGTU,KEYIZUOWEISHAJUNJI、YIYAOZHONGJIANTI,GAOJUWUDEKANGYANGJIJI ZIWAIXIANXISHOUJI。ZUIJIN,CHUXIANLEYIXIESANQINLEIDEZIWAIXIANXISHOUJI,LIRU,CibafastP、Tinuvin400、CyasorbUV1164、 Tinuvin1577FFDENG。JUCHENG,T1577FFYONGYUJUZHIXIANWEISHIBICHUANTONGDEUV-234XIAOGUOGAOCHUHENDUO。GUONEISHANXISHENGHUAGONGYANJIUYUAN[27]JINXINGLEDALIANGDEGONGZUO, CHENGGONGKAIFALESANQIN-5HOU,YOUYISANJULVQING、JIANERJIABEN、JIANBENERFENWEIYUANLIAOHECHENGLESANQIN-425,GAICHANPINJUYOUZIWAIXIANXISHOULVGAO、SEZEQIAN、YONGLIANGSHAODEYOUDIAN,SHIGUONEIZIWAIXIANXISHOU JIDEYIGEXINLIANGDIAN。

2·6 QITA

抢庄牛牛 SHANXISHENGHUAGONGYANJIUYUANZUIJINKAIFADEUV-418、UV419、GW-628、GW-4611,QIANLIANGZHE JUNWEIGAOXIAOZIWAIXIANXISHOUJI,QIEKEYUSHOUZUANGUANGWENDINGJIPEIHESHIYONG,FAHUIJIJIADEXIETONGXIAOYING。QIZHONGUV-418ZHUYAOYONGYUPC、PETDENGGONGCHENGSULIAO,JUYOUFENZILIANGDA、BUYIHUIFADENG TEDIAN。UV-419KEYONGYUABS、PC、PS、PVCDENGJUHEWU,JUYOUQIANGLIEXISHOUZIWAIXIANZHONGDIBOZHANGDEGONGXIAO。GW-628SHIYIZHONGQUANXINJIEGOUDEDANTIXINGGUANGWENDINGJI,ZHUYAOYONG YUPE、PPDEDUINAIHOUYAOQIUJIAOGAODEZHUSUZHIPIN。GW-4611SHIUV-419YUGW-628DEFUPEIWU,ZHUYAOYONGYUYOUQI、TULIAOPENONGMO。GAIYUANSHANGSHUXINPINZHONGDETUICHUDADA DIFENGFULEGUONEIGUANGWENDINGJISHICHANGDEPINZHONGHEJIEGOU。

抢庄牛牛 ZUIJIN,FUJIANSHIFANDAXUE[28]JINXINGLEXINXINGZIWAIXIANXISHOUJIER(LINJIASUANJIAZHIBENFEN)YICHUNANLVSUANZHIDEYANJIU,SHIYANBIAOMING,GAICHANPINNENGXISHOU300~400nmZHIJIANDEZIWAIXIAN,YIZHANGBOYINGGUANGXINGSHIJIANGNENGLIANGZHUANYIDIAO,GUNENGDUIHECHENGCAILIAOQIDAOBAOHUZUOYONG,DANWEIJIANYINGYONGSHIYANBAOGAO。

3 JIEYU

抢庄牛牛 ZIWAIXIANXISHOUJISHISULIAOTIANJIAJIZHONGDEZHONGYAODEYIDALEICHANPIN,WEISHIYINGGONGYEFAZHANDEXUYAO,GAILINGYUFAZHANDEQUSHISHIXIANG ZHEGAOFENZIZHILIANGHUA、FANYINGXINGHUA、DUOGONGNENGHUAFAZHAN,QIJIEGUOSHIHUANBAOHUA、GAOXIAONENGHUA。ZHEISHIGAOFENZICAILIAOTIANJIAJIXINGYEKECHIXUFAZHANDEBIRANJIEGUO。GUONEITIANJIAJIXINGYEYUGUOWAIXIANGBICHAJUJIAO DA,ZHUYAOWENTISHIPINZHONGSHAO、CHANLIANGDI、CHENGBENGAO、YUANCAILIAOGONGYINGBUPEITAO,YUSULIAOJIAGONGXINGYEPEIHEBUMIQIE,QUESHAOJISHUGOUTONG。JIANYIJIAQIANGJISHUGAIZAO,TIGAOCHANPINZHILIANG,TIGAOJINGJIXIAOYI。

 

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